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mysqli_prepare

(PHP 5)

mysqli_prepare

mysqli->prepare - Подготовить SQL запрос для выполнения.


Procedure style:

mysqli_stmt mysqli_prepare ( mysqli link, string query )

Объектно-ориентированный стиль вызова (method)

class mysqli {
mysqli_stmt prepare ( string query )
}

mysqli_prepare() prepares the SQL query pointed to by the null-terminated string query, and returns a statement handle to be used for further operations on the statement. The query must consist of a single SQL statement.

Замечание: You should not add a terminating semicolon or \g to the statement.

The parameter query can include one or more parameter markers in the SQL statement by embedding question mark (?) characters at the appropriate positions.

Замечание: The markers are legal only in certain places in SQL statements. For example, they are allowed in the VALUES() list of an INSERT statement (to specify column values for a row), or in a comparison with a column in a WHERE clause to specify a comparison value.

However, they are not allowed for identifiers (such as table or column names), in the select list that names the columns to be returned by a SELECT statement, or to specify both operands of a binary operator such as the = equal sign. The latter restriction is necessary because it would be impossible to determine the parameter type. It's not allowed to compare marker with NULL by ? IS NULL too. In general, parameters are legal only in Data Manipulation Languange (DML) statements, and not in Data Defination Language (DDL) statements.

The parameter markers must be bound to application variables using mysqli_stmt_bind_param() and/or mysqli_stmt_bind_result() before executing the statement or fetching rows.

Возвращаемые значения

mysqli_prepare() returns a statement object or FALSE if an error occured.

Примеры

Пример 1. Объектно-ориентированный стиль вызова
$mysqli = new mysqli("localhost", "my_user", "my_password", "world");

/* check connection */
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {
    printf("Connect failed: %s\n", mysqli_connect_error());
    exit();
}

$city = "Amersfoort";

/* create a prepared statement */
if ($stmt = $mysqli->prepare("SELECT District FROM City WHERE Name=?")) {

    /* bind parameters for markers */
    $stmt->bind_param("s", $city);

    /* execute query */
    $stmt->execute();

    /* bind result variables */
    $stmt->bind_result($district);

    /* fetch value */
    $stmt->fetch();

    printf("%s is in district %s\n", $city, $district);

    /* close statement */
    $stmt->close();
} 

/* close connection */
$mysqli->close();
Пример 2. Процедурный стиль вызова
$link = mysqli_connect("localhost", "my_user", "my_password", "world");

/* check connection */
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {
    printf("Connect failed: %s\n", mysqli_connect_error());
    exit();
}

$city = "Amersfoort";

/* create a prepared statement */
if ($stmt = mysqli_prepare($link, "SELECT District FROM City WHERE Name=?")) {

    /* bind parameters for markers */
    mysqli_stmt_bind_param($stmt, "s", $city);

    /* execute query */
    mysqli_stmt_execute($stmt);

    /* bind result variables */
    mysqli_stmt_bind_result($stmt, $district);

    /* fetch value */
    mysqli_stmt_fetch($stmt);

    printf("%s is in district %s\n", $city, $district);

    /* close statement */
    mysqli_stmt_close($stmt);
} 

/* close connection */
mysqli_close($link);

Результат выполнения данного примера:

Amersfoort is in district Utrecht

Смотрите также: mysqli_stmt_execute(), mysqli_stmt_fetch(), mysqli_stmt_bind_param(), mysqli_stmt_bind_result() и mysqli_stmt_close().

Все функции mysql
Описание на ru2.php.net
Описание на php.ru

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