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(PHP 5, PECL OCI8 >= 1.1.0)

oci_rollback — Rolls back the outstanding database transaction

Description bool oci_rollback ( resource $connection ) Reverts all uncommitted changes for the Oracle connection A transaction begins when the first SQL statement that changes data is executed with oci_execute() using the OCI_NO_AUTO_COMMIT flag. Further data changes made by other statements become part of the same transaction. Data changes made in a transaction are temporary until the transaction is committed or rolled back. Other users of the database will not see the changes until they are committed.

When inserting or updating data, using transactions is recommended for relational data consistency and for performance reasons.


connectionoci_connect(), oci_pconnect() or oci_new_connect().

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.


Example #1 oci_rollback() example

// Insert into several tables, rolling back the changes if an error occurs

$conn = oci_connect('hr', 'welcome', 'localhost/XE');

$stid = oci_parse($conn, "INSERT INTO mysalary (id, name) VALUES (1, 'Chris')");

// The OCI_NO_AUTO_COMMIT flag tells Oracle not to commit the INSERT immediately
// Use OCI_DEFAULT as the flag for PHP <= 5.3.1.  The two flags are equivalent
$r = oci_execute($stid, OCI_NO_AUTO_COMMIT);
if (!$r) {    
    $e = oci_error($stid);
    trigger_error(htmlentities($e['message']), E_USER_ERROR);

$stid = oci_parse($conn, 'INSERT INTO myschedule (startday) VALUES (12)');
$r = oci_execute($stid, OCI_NO_AUTO_COMMIT);
if (!$r) {    
    $e = oci_error($stid);
    oci_rollback($conn);  // rollback changes to both tables
    trigger_error(htmlentities($e['message']), E_USER_ERROR);

// Commit the changes to both tables
$r = oci_commit($conn);
if (!r) {
    $e = oci_error($conn);
    trigger_error(htmlentities($e['message']), E_USER_ERROR);

Example #2 Rolling back to a

$stid = oci_parse($conn, 'UPDATE mytab SET id = 1111');
oci_execute($stid, OCI_NO_AUTO_COMMIT);

// Create the savepoint
$stid = oci_parse($conn, 'SAVEPOINT mysavepoint');
oci_execute($stid, OCI_NO_AUTO_COMMIT);

$stid = oci_parse($conn, 'UPDATE mytab SET id = 2222');
oci_execute($stid, OCI_NO_AUTO_COMMIT);

// Use an explicit SQL statement to rollback to the savepoint
$stid = oci_parse($conn, 'ROLLBACK TO SAVEPOINT mysavepoint');
oci_execute($stid, OCI_NO_AUTO_COMMIT);

oci_commit($conn);  // mytab now has id of 1111

Note: Transactions are automatically rolled back when you close the connection, or when the script ends, whichever is soonest. You need to explicitly call oci_commit() to commit the transaction.
Any call to oci_execute() that uses OCI_COMMIT_ON_SUCCESS mode explicitly or by default will commit any previous uncommitted transaction.
Any Oracle DDL statement such as DROP

Note: In PHP versions before 5.0.0 you must use ocirollback() instead. The old function name can still be used in current versions, however it is deprecated and not recommended.

See Also

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